The school of earth and space science of Peking University was set up on October 26th, 2001. The newly established school comprises the former department of geology, solid earth physics of the geophysics department, department of space physics, institute of remote sensing, Geographic Information System (GIS) from the department of urban and environgmental sciences in Peking University.
It offers five undergraduate specialities, including geology, geochemistry, solid earth physics, space science and technology as well as geographic information system, and has three doctor’s or master’s degree authorization centres on first class disciplines, three post-doctoral mobile stations on geology, geophysics and geology. The school has among its faculty 51 professors, including seven academicians of Chinese Academy of Sciences, five Changjiang Scholarship professors, and fourty associate professors. It has one national talent training centre on basic sciences ( in the field of geology ), one innnovation group awarded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ( in the field of geophysics ), three national key disciplines, which are structural geology, solic earth physics and geographic information system, one key laboratory under the Ministry of Education ( in the sphere of orogenic belt and crustal evolution ), one key laboratory of Beijing city ( in the sphere of spatial information integration and application of 3S projects, which are remote sensing, geographic information system and global positioning system ) and a key discipline of Beijing city, namely, space physics. As a major talent training centre in geosciences in China and a significant force with which Peking University is striving to evolve into a world-class university, the school is charged with the important task of supplying for the country’s modernization drive senior professionals in geology, geophysics, space science, remote sensing, geographic information system, surveying and mapping science and technology and other domains.
In 21st century, the human race is confronted with the increasingly serious problems of resources, environment and natural disasters. The 21st century is also an era when the space technologies develops energetically. Earth and space sciences, while being a basic science, is widely applied in modern national defense and national economic construction. Its objects of study are the earth and the space near and far, and the basic research achievements on them are common wealth of the whole human race. Modern research on earth and space science is not only still playing a fundamental role in such traditional domains as astronautics, resource survey and natural disaster forcast and defense, but also playing an increasingly vital role in new spheres like nuclear explosion monitoring, site selection and seismic design for lifeline engineering and other significant projects, global enritonment monitoring and forcasting, as well as digital globe. It also exerts essential effect in national economic construction and modern national defense, for which we need urgently to cultivate more distinguished professional personnels in earth and space sciences.
Peking University boasts a glorious history in its education and research on earth and space sciences and its department of geology has played a key role in the establishment of modern Chinese science and the development of modern Chinese economy. The department of geology set up in 1909 in Capital University, predecessor of Peking University, was the first educational institution on geology in China, deserving the title of “cradle of Chinese geological education”.
Since the founding of the new China, the school has brought up for the country 50-odd academicians. Leading scholars of their time like Wang Lie, Ding Wenjiang and Li Siguang had all once taught in this school, which has drawn famous masters and turned out talented students in large numbers. Geophysics is a newly-emerging science. The department of geophysics of Peking University was founded in January, 1959. In the preliminary stage after the foundation of the department, famous geophysicist of the older generation in our country like Fu Chengyi, Gu Gongxu and Wang Zichang had one after another assumed the post of chief of physics and taken charge in the formulation of the subject’s teaching plan and research directions. Over the past fourty years, the department has produced for the country a large amount of outstanding scientist, engineering technologist and senior management specialists, who have made a valuable contribution to seismic monitoring, geophics, spatial environment and application as well as other spheres. The institute of remote sensing of Peking University, set up in 1983, is among the earlist research and teaching units in China engaged in the theoretical research and technological application of remote sensing, and has developed disciplinary advantage in its theoretical research, development and teaching in fields like technology of remote sensing and geo-information system. At present, the institute of remote sensing offers two specialities, one being cartography and geography information system and the other photogrammetry and remote sensing. It has cultivated more than one hundred graduate students, held at home at least 40 training courses in remote sensing and geo-information system and brought up for the country a large number of high-level professionals in remote sensing and geographic information system.
The school of earth and space sciences of Peking University, formed on the basis of several departments and institutes that have scored brilliant accomplishment in several domains related to geoscience, has a fine academic and educational tradition and will carry it on. In planning for and the development of the school, attention will be paid to giving full play to its own developing conditions and its advantage in interdiscipline and subject integration so as to realize alliance between top-quality departments as well as reorganization and optimum allocation in resource of education and research. With the founding of the school as a pivot, its faculty members and students, confident and from a high starting point, are striving to turn it into a talent training and scientific research centre in the field of earth and space sciences, a centre that attracts international attention. We believe that with support from all sections of the society and by concerted effort of its faculty, the school, with its glorious traditions, will prosper and score more brilliant achievements, while playing a more significant role in the national construction and society.
Address: Yifu Building No. 2 at east gate of Peking University ( new Building of Geoscience )
Correspondence address : school of earth and space sciences, Peking University, Haidian District, Beijing
Postal code: 100871